I know it’s tempting, but don’t let the victim in your murder mystery fall prey to Just Another Dead Body syndrome. This is when your victim becomes a means to the plot’s end. Meaning, you only killed him to create a mystery for your detective to solve.
Victims are not props. They are characters.
And the more you can breathe life into them before they’re dead, the more compelling they’ll be after they’re dead.
So how do you begin? Just as you would with any other character.
Start by asking the hard questions:
- What are his hope and fears?
- What does he live for? Who would he die for?
- What great and terrible things has he done? Will he never be able to do now that you killed him off?
- Who loves him? Who hates him?
- Who can’t live without him and who would kill to save him?
You may even want to get super creative and have your victim speak in his own words. It can be in the form of a monologue, a stream of consciousness, a letter, or a dialogue with someone important. It could even be a beyond-the-grave tirade to the murderer after being killed. (Seriously, dude? Wtf?)
Take this a step further and start interviewing important people in the victim’s life (even if they turn out to be suspects themselves) about what they thought of him. Avoid cliches like “everybody loved Jamie.” Instead, offer a scene, a vignette, or a personal anecdote involving the victim to show what he was like and how others reacted to him instead of just telling us. Chances are you’ll find some good stuff to use when it comes time for your sleuth to start conducting her own interviews.
Next, give your victim a sanctuary, a space in which he felt most comfortable. It could be his workplace, his favorite bar, his bedroom, his mancave, his mother’s basement, the diner down the street.
Fill the space with meaningful objects that symbolize what your victim was all about not just with clues your sleuth will use to piece together who shot him.
If you’re looking for ideas, look no further than your own sanctuary. Imagine a stranger walking into your space. What could she infer about you from what’s lying about (or hidden in drawers).
- Do you own a preponderance of CDs, DVDs, books? What genres? What titles?
- Is your mail scattered all over the dining table or organized in a command center?
- Is your bed made with hospital corners or are the covers just thrown over it? Did you even make your bed this morning?
- What kind of clothes are in your closet?
- What kind of art, if any, hangs on the walls?
- What food is in the cabinets and the refrigerator?
- How clean is your toilet? The kitchen counters?
- What do you hide that you don’t want anyone else to see even if you live alone?
All these little things make a person, a person.
This may also be a good time to start jotting down the must-have scenes that involve your victim.
- For instance, do we meet the victim before he’s killed? When? Where? In what context?
- What was he doing on the day leading up to his murder?
- What does the crime scene look like? Where did it happen, how is his body positioned, what is he wearing, what objects did he have on him or are conspicuously missing (like a cellphone, wallet, etc.)?
- What does his sanctuary look like to the detective investigating?
- Who is going to be interviewed about him and what do they say?
I want to remind you again not to get into the habit of only killing off innocent little kitten victims. Sometimes bad things happen to bad people too. So make your victim as bad as he wants to be.
Once you’ve got a pretty detailed character sketch of your victim, go ahead and start to dive into his relationship with the villain.
- Where did they meet? How long have they known each other?
- How well did they get on? Were they best friends, adversaries, co-workers, family members, business partners? (Remember, not all murders are motivated by hate, and you can still be jealous of your best friend.)
- Did your victim stand in the way of your villain’s goal or did they want the same thing that only one of them could have?
- Was your villain’s perception of the victim’s ability to get in the way overrated?
- How long did your villain and victim get into it before murder was the only option? (Unlike real life, fictional characters don’t resort to murder just because someone bought the last big screen TV at Walmart on Black Friday.)
- Did your victim fight back on previous attempts with his own brand of vindictiveness like blackmail, bullying, insults, maybe a murder of his own?
In other words, what commodity, perceived or otherwise, did your victim hold that led to his murder? Was he the last person standing in the way of a corporate takeover? Would her paternity ensure she would inherit the estate before your villain did? Does the murderer think your victim knows too much or is he just being used as a pawn for something bigger?
Many of these questions you’ll be able to answer or will have already pondered as you explored your villain, but by giving your victim a life before he gets killed, you’ll be able to create a more complex character rather than a stark chalk outline.
Remember, victims are people too.
Which technique did you find most helpful?
What did you learn about your victim that you wouldn’t have known otherwise?